You (re)installed Windows, but now you can't boot into Debian?
You need to reinstall the MasterBootRecord for your previous bootloader :
Recover Grub bootloader
Reinstall lilo bootloader
The procedure is probably very similar to Grub, but re-running lilo.
alternatively, you can also get a LiveCD linux distro, open a terminal and type:
mount -o suid,dev,rw /mnt/hdXX #(XX = linux partition) chroot /mnt/hdXX lilo
Because you have to reinstall lilo
Reinstall Windows XP Boot Record
If you actually want to to the other way around (i.e. remove Debian boot loader)... Make sure you know how to boot into Debian Later !
The page MasterBootRecord, section How to repair a broken MBR has links to Microsoft support on how to restore Windows (2000/XP/2003/Vista) boot loaders.