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You are running [[DebianStable|Debian stable]], because you prefer the stable Debian tree. It runs great, there is just one problem: the software is a little bit outdated compared to other distributions. That is where backports come in. You are running [[DebianStable|Debian stable]], because you prefer the stable Debian tree. It runs great, there is just one problem: The software is a little bit outdated compared to other distributions. That is where backports come in.
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Backports are recompiled packages from [[DebianTesting|testing]] (mostly) and [[DebianUnstable|unstable]] (in a few cases only, e.g. security updates), so they will run without new libraries (wherever it is possible) on a stable Debian distribution. It is recommended to pick out single backports which fits your needs, and not to use all backports available. Backports are recompiled packages from [[DebianTesting|testing]] (mostly) and [[DebianUnstable|unstable]] (in a few cases only, e.g. security updates), so they will run without new libraries (wherever it is possible) on a stable Debian distribution. It is recommended to pick out single backports which fit your needs, and not to use all backports available.
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Note that this page refers to etch as stable, but your can substitute with lenny for the latest stable (April 2009). Note that this page refers to etch as stable, but you can substitute with lenny for the latest stable (April 2009).
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## If your page gets really long, uncomment this Table of Contents 
 <<TableOfContents(2)>>
= Configure your Debian/Stable =
## If your page gets really long, uncomment this Table of Contents
 <<TableOfContents(3)>>
= Configuring your stable system =
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== Key ==
To start, install the DebPkg:debian-backports-keyring ( you need this to check that the signature of each backport package is correct )
== Verifying backports ==
In order to verify the integrity of downloaded backports before installing them, apt needs the Backports.org archive key.
The package DebPkg:debian-backports-keyring contains this key. So you should install it frist.
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== Using Synaptic == == Adding the repository ==

=
== Using Synaptic ===
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== Using sources.list ==
 * Open {{{/etc/apt/sources.list}}}
 * Add this line:
=== Using the command line ===
Become root and open the file {{{/etc/apt/sources.list}}} in your favorite editor:
{{{
human@debian:~$ su
Password:
debian:/home/human# nano /etc/apt/sources.list}}}
Add the following lines:
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   deb http://www.backports.org/debian/ etch-backports main contrib non-free
}}}
# Backports.org repository
deb http://www.backports.org/debian/ etch-backports main contrib non-free}}}
If you are a free software enthusiast, you might want to remove the {{{contrib}}} and {{{non-free}}} sections.
(See [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch-system.de.html#s-stable|Debian sections]] for details.)
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Now that you have added the repository, update apt's cache to include the backports in the list of available packages:
{{{
debian:/home/human# aptitude update}}}
Done.
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== Advanced usage (command-line setup and APT pinning) == = Using backports =
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Information about advanced use, including command-line based setup, and APT pinning can be found at: http://backports.org/dokuwiki/doku.php?id=instructions coming soon...

Translation(s): Français- Italiano

(!) Discussion


You are running Debian stable, because you prefer the stable Debian tree. It runs great, there is just one problem: The software is a little bit outdated compared to other distributions. That is where backports come in.

Backports are recompiled packages from testing (mostly) and unstable (in a few cases only, e.g. security updates), so they will run without new libraries (wherever it is possible) on a stable Debian distribution. It is recommended to pick out single backports which fit your needs, and not to use all backports available.

Note that this page refers to etch as stable, but you can substitute with lenny for the latest stable (April 2009).

There's a useful comparison of package versions available for backporting to lenny at this page.


Configuring your stable system

Verifying backports

In order to verify the integrity of downloaded backports before installing them, apt needs the Backports.org archive key. The package debian-backports-keyring contains this key. So you should install it frist.

Adding the repository

Using Synaptic

  • Open Synaptic
  • Go to:

   Configuration > Repository
  • Add this repository:

    synaptic.png

Using the command line

Become root and open the file /etc/apt/sources.list in your favorite editor:

human@debian:~$ su
Password:
debian:/home/human# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Add the following lines:

# Backports.org repository
deb http://www.backports.org/debian/ etch-backports main contrib non-free

If you are a free software enthusiast, you might want to remove the contrib and non-free sections. (See Debian sections for details.)

Now that you have added the repository, update apt's cache to include the backports in the list of available packages:

debian:/home/human# aptitude update

Done.

Using backports

coming soon...

External links


  • ?CategoryDistributionRelease