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  * '''All:''' {{{cme migrate dpkg}}} or {{{cme fix dpkg}}}   * '''All:''' {{{cme migrate dpkg}}} or {{{cme fix dpkg}}} See [[https://github.com/dod38fr/config-model/wiki/Managing-Debian-packages-with-cme|Managing Debian package files with cme]]

This page references tools that aim at providing basic working Debian packages.

Language

Any

Perl

Ruby

Python

Python

Node.js

Haskell

Go

Tool (package name)

dh-make

dh-make-perl

gem2deb

python3-stdeb

pypi2deb

npm2deb

cabal-debian

dh-make-golang

Upstream repository

N/A

CPAN.org, Alioth

Rubygems.org

PyPI

PyPI

npm

Hackage

Features

version

1.20150601

0.89-1

0.21.1

0.8.5-1

0.20150816

0.2.2-1

4.31-1

0.0~git20150726.0.fc4210a-1

cdbs or dh?

dh

dh

dh

dh

dh

dh

cdbs

dh

use DEBEMAIL

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

Build-Depends

no

yes

yes

partial

yes

no

yes

yes

Depends

no

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

at build time

yes

Homepage

no

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

no

yes

short/long descriptions

no

yes

yes

yes

yes

short only

yes

yes

DEP8 tests

no

yes (autopkgtest-pkg-perl in pkg-perl mode)

only template

no

no

basic (only require)

no

no

.docs / .examples / etc.

no

docs + examples

docs only

no

docs + examples

docs

no

no

debian/copyright

only template

yes

only template

no

yes

yes

yes

yes

debian/watch

only template

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

no

git repo creation, pristine-tar, etc.

no

yes

no

no

no

no

no

yes

debian/upstream/metadata

no

yes

no

no

no

no

no

no

ITP mail template

no

no (use dpt gen-itp)

no

no

yes

yes

no

yes

Notes

  • There's a Git repo with some example outputs

  • only template means that the tool provides a file that is not customized per-package

  • npm2deb only generates the Debian files from metadata, but does not create a proper source package. The upstream source is not downloaded.
  • Several tools use wrap-and-sort to unify structure of debian/ files

Build-depends and Depends generation

  • dh-make-perl uses local packages and apt-file to identify packages (broken with 0.84-2 and multiarch)

  • stdeb also uses apt-file with a fallback on module name conversion (code)

  • npm, gem2deb and cabal-Debian only convert upstream package names found in metadata, to Debian package names
  • DEP-11 could end up being the proper way to generate language-specific dependencies

TODO. 'cme update dpkg-copyright' is another approach. See Updating debian copyright file with cme

Usage

  • Download upstream package from repository
    • Perl: cpan -g Oxford::Calendar (does nothing here ...; here it works :) maybe cpan config needed?)

    • Python: pypi-download NAME --release VERSION, f.e. pypi-download Mako --release 1.0.1

    • npm: npm install PKGNAME

    • Ruby: gem fetch GEMNAME

    • Haskell: cabal unpack --pristine PKGNAME

  • Debianize an unpacked upstream source
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] .

    • Python: python3 setup.py --command-packages=stdeb.command debianize

    • Ruby: dh-make-ruby

    • npm: not supported

    • Haskell: cabal-debian --official (see ?the step-by-step guide)

  • Debianize (without building source)
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} 

    • Python: not supported

    • Ruby: gem2deb --only-source-dir GEMNAME|GEMFILE

    • npm: npm2deb create PKGNAME

    • Haskell: not supported, need unpacked source

  • Debianize and build source package
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} --build-source or cpan2dsc MODULE

    • Python: py2dsc DISTFILE

    • Ruby: gem2deb --only-debian-source GEMNAME|GEMFILE

    • npm, Haskell: not supported

  • Debianize and build binary packages
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} --build or cpan2deb MODULE

    • Python: py2dsc-deb DISTFILE

    • Ruby: gem2deb GEMNAME|GEMFILE

    • npm, Haskell: not supported

  • Debianize, build, install
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} --install

    • Python: pypi-install NAME

    • Ruby: not supported

    • npm, Haskell: not supported

  • Refresh an already created package, moving old files to .bak:
    • All: cme migrate dpkg or cme fix dpkg See Managing Debian package files with cme

    • Perl: dh-make-perl refresh

    • Python, Ruby: not supported

    • npm: not supported

    • Haskell: cabal-debian --official --upgrade

Not (yet) covered tools

  • OCaml : oasis2debian and opam2debian

Other languages without an automated generator

  • PHP (PEAR packages) -- see pkg-php-tools for packaging tools (and debpear for a simple generator)
  • Java -- see javahelper/maven-debian-helper for packaging tools. There is also "mh_make"

See also

  • debdry: common frontend for most of the helpers described above description

  • alien: converts RPM/etc binary packages to deb binary packages
  • checkinstall: run an arbitrary upstream build system and auto-package the output
  • game-data-packager: converts non-free game data files to Debian binary packages

TODO