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||<rowstyle="background-color: #EEEEEE;">'''Language'''|| Any || Perl || Ruby || Python ||
||'''Tool (package name)'''|| dh-make || dh-make-perl || gem2deb || python-stdeb ||
||'''Upstream repository'''|| N/A || [[http://www.cpan.org/|CPAN.org]] || [[http://www.rubygems.org/|Rubygems.org]] || [[http://pypi.python.org/|Pypi]] ||
||||||||||<rowstyle="background-color: #EEEEEE;"> Features ||
|| version || || 0.84-2 || 0.14 || 0.8.2-4 ||
||<rowstyle="background-color: #EEEEEE;">'''Language'''|| Any || Perl || Ruby || Python || Node.js ||
||'''Tool (package name)'''|| dh-make || dh-make-perl || gem2deb || python-stdeb || npm2deb ||
||'''Upstream repository'''|| N/A || [[http://www.cpan.org/|CPAN.org]] || [[http://www.rubygems.org/|Rubygems.org]] || [[http://pypi.python.org/|Pypi]] || [[https://www.npmjs.com|npm]] ||
||||||||||||<rowstyle="background-color: #EEEEEE;"> Features ||
|| version || || 0.84-2 || 0.14 || 0.8.2-4 || 0.2.2-1 ||
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|| ITP mail template || no || no || no || no || yes ||

This page references tools that aim at providing basic working Debian packages.

Language

Any

Perl

Ruby

Python

Node.js

Tool (package name)

dh-make

dh-make-perl

gem2deb

python-stdeb

npm2deb

Upstream repository

N/A

CPAN.org

Rubygems.org

Pypi

npm

Features

version

0.84-2

0.14

0.8.2-4

0.2.2-1

cdbs or dh?

dh

dh

dh

use DEBEMAIL

yes

yes

no

Build-Depends

yes

yes

no

Depends

yes

yes

yes

Homepage

yes

yes

no

short/long descriptions

yes

yes

yes

DEP8 tests

no

only template

no

.docs / .examples / etc.

docs + examples

docs only

no

debian/copyright

yes

only template

no

debian/watch

yes

yes

no

git repo creation, pristine-tar, etc.

yes

no

no

debian/upstream/metadata (UpstreamMetadata)

yes

no

no

ITP mail template

no

no

no

no

yes

Notes

  • There's a Git repo with some example outputs

  • only template means that the tool provides a file that is not customized per-package

Build-depends and Depends generation

  • dh-make-perl uses local packages and apt-file to identify packages (broken with 0.84-2 and multiarch)

  • gem2deb only converts gem names to Debian package names
  • stdeb also uses apt-file with a fallback on module name conversion (code)

  • DEP-11 could end up being the proper way to generate language-specific dependencies

TODO. 'cme update dpkg-copyright' is another approach.

Usage

  • Download upstream package from repository
    • Perl: not supported? (cpan -g Oxford::Calendar does nothing here...)

    • Python: not supported?

    • Ruby: gem fetch GEMNAME

  • Debianize (without building source)
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} 

    • Python: not supported?

    • Ruby: gem2deb --only-source-dir GEMNAME|GEMFILE

  • Debianize an unpacked upstream source
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] .

    • Python: python3 setup.py --command-packages=stdeb.command debianize

    • Ruby: dh-make-ruby .

  • Debianize and build source package
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} --build-source or cpan2dsc MODULE

    • Python: py2dsc DISTFILE

    • Ruby: gem2deb --only-debian-source GEMNAME|GEMFILE

  • Debianize and build binary packages
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} --build or cpan2deb MODULE

    • Python: py2dsc-deb DISTFILE

    • Ruby: gem2deb GEMNAME|GEMFILE

  • Debianize, build, install
    • Perl: dh-make-perl [make] {SOURCE_DIR | --cpan MODULE|DIST} --install

    • Python, Ruby: not supported

  • Refresh an already created package, moving old files to .bak:
    • All: cme migrate dpkg or cme fix dpkg

    • Perl: dh-make-perl refresh

    • Python, Ruby: not supported

Other languages

  • PHP (PEAR packages): no automated generator (see pkg-php-tools for packaging tools)

TO-DO List