This article discusses how to install and use the open-source Radeon display driver for X11.
Support for AMD (nee ATI) video hardware is provided by the package xserver-xorg-video-ati (wrapper driver) which depends on three hardware specific drivers:
The ati wrapper driver autodetects whether your hardware has a Radeon, Rage 128, or Mach64 or earlier class chipset and loads the radeon, r128, or mach64 driver as appropriate.
Determining your hardware
Run this command to determine what kind of video card you have:
lspci -v | grep VGA
Installing proprietary firmware
Proprietary, binary-only firmware was removed from the Debian kernel's radeon DRM driver in linux-2.6 2.6.29-1, to resolve Debian bug 494009. It can now be installed via the firmware-linux-nonfree package (autostart by kernel: dmesg |grep -i firmware)
Without this firmware installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the radeon driver is commonly experienced. Some cards may require this to run the X Window System.
For Debian Squeeze and later releases, you will need to install proprietary firmware if you have one of the following Radeon-based cards:
- Radeon R100 (7000 – 7500)
- Radeon R200 (8500 — 9200, 9250)
- Radeon R300 (9500 — 9800, X300 — X600, X1050)
- Radeon R400 (X700 — X850)
- Radeon R500 (X1300 — X1950)
- Radeon R600 (HD 2400, HD 2600, HD 2900)
- Radeon RS600
- Radeon RS690
- Radeon RS780
- Radeon RV610
- Radeon RV620
- Radeon RV630
- Radeon RV635
- Radeon RV670
- Radeon RV710
- Radeon RV730
- Radeon RV770
The firmware in question, id est the CP/PFP microcode, can be installed by first enabling the non-free repository for your Debian release and issuing the following command:
aptitude install firmware-linux-nonfree
(xorg.conf does not exist in Squeeze and Sid) Essentially, you need to set your device's driver to "radeon" as such:
Section "Device" Identifier "Device0" Driver "radeon" EndSection
The following options can improve 3d performance significantly.
Section "Device" Driver "radeon" ... Option "AccelMethod" "XAA" # XAA/EXA Option "AccelDFS" "1" # 1/0 On for PCIE, off for AGP # Manpage: Use or don't use accelerated EXA DownloadFromScreen hook # when possible. Option "AGPMode" "1" # 1-8 Does not affect PCIE models. Option "AGPFastWrite" "1" # 1/0 Does not affect PCIE models. Not recommended. Option "GARTSize" "64" # 0-64 Megabytes of gart (system) memory used. # Wrongly defaults to 8MB sometimes, see your logfile. # Bigger seems better. Option "EnablePageFlip" "1" # 1/0 Increases 3D performance substantially # seemingly in XAA mode only Option "ColorTiling" "1" # 1/0 Increases 3D performance substantially # affected stability only positively on my system EndSection
There are plenty of other options for the driver too. You can find out about them in radeon's man page:
man 4 radeon
Enabling 3D acceleration
It is necessary to install driver libraries in order to utilize the card's 3D capabilities:
aptitude install libgl1-mesa-dri
These will automatically be installed as a dependency of the xserver-xorg-core package, so if you've installed that, you don't need to worry about this.
Radeon Xpress 200M (R300) on laptop
During a long time, on laptops with Radeon Xpress 200M (R300) you may get some random colored stripes (especially after suspending display power). This is problably due to a bug into free driver. A solution may be to switch off, then switch on the backlight with radeontool (eponymic package).
sudo radeontool light off sleep 1 sudo radeontool light on