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~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/AtiHowTo|Français]] - [[it/AtiHowTo|Italiano]] - [[ru/AtiHowTo|Русский]] -~ #language en
~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[fr/AtiHowTo|Français]] - [[it/AtiHowTo|Italiano]] - [[ru/AtiHowTo|Русский]] -~
----
= AMD/ATI Open Source Drivers (radeon, r128, mach64) =
This page describes use of the open source display drivers for ATI/AMD graphics hardware on Debian systems. For information on the proprietary driver, see [[ATIProprietary]].
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This article discusses how to install and use the open-source Radeon display driver for X11. <<TableOfContents(3)>>
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<<TableOfContents(2)>> <<Anchor(Determining your hardware)>>
== Identification ==
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== Introduction == The AMD/ATI graphics processing unit (GPU) series/codename of an installed video card can usually be identified using the {{{lspci}}} command. For example:
 {{{
$ lspci -nn | grep VGA
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Barts PRO [Radeon HD 6850] [1002:6739]
}}}
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Support for AMD (nee ATI) video hardware is provided by the package DebianPkg:xserver-xorg-video-ati (wrapper driver) which depends on three hardware specific drivers: See [[HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI]] for more information.

== Drivers ==

Support for AMD (nee ATI) graphics hardware is provided by the DebianPkg:xserver-xorg-video-ati driver wrapper package, which depends on three hardware-specific driver packages:
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The ati wrapper driver autodetects whether your hardware has a Radeon, Rage 128, or Mach64 or earlier class chipset and loads the radeon, r128, or mach64 driver as appropriate.
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== Determining your hardware == The ati wrapper driver autodetects whether your hardware has a Radeon, Rage 128, or Mach64 or earlier chip and load the radeon, r128, or mach64 xorg video driver as appropriate.
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Run this command to determine what kind of video card you have: <<Anchor((Supported Cards))>>
=== Supported Devices ===
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{{{
lspci -v | grep VGA
The radeon driver in [[DebianWheezy|Debian 7 "Wheezy"]] supports R100 to Cayman (Radeon 7000 - Radeon HD 69xx) GPUs. See the [[DebianMan:4/radeon|radeon(4)]] manual page and the [[http://x.org/wiki/radeon|radeon page]] on the X wiki for more information.

<<Anchor(Installing proprietary firmware)>>
=== Firmware ===

Proprietary, binary-only firmware (aka microcode) was removed from the Debian kernel's radeon DRM driver in [[DebianPkg:src:linux-2.6|linux-2.6]] 2.6.29-1, to resolve Debian bug DebianBug:494009. The firmware can be provided by installing the DebianPkg:firmware-linux-nonfree package.

Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the radeon driver is commonly experienced. Some GPUs may require firmware to operate the X Window System.

== Installation ==

The following procedure will install the open source display driver packages, DRI modules (for 3D acceleration) and driver firmware/microcode:

 1. Add "contrib" and "non-free" components to {{{/etc/apt/sources.list}}}, for example: {{{
# Debian 7 "Wheezy"
deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
}}}
 1. Update the list of available packages: {{{
# apt-get update
}}}
 1. Install the DebianPkg:firmware-linux-nonfree, DebianPkg:libgl1-mesa-dri and DebianPkg:xserver-xorg-video-ati packages: {{{
# apt-get install firmware-linux-nonfree libgl1-mesa-dri xserver-xorg-video-ati
}}}
 1. Restart your system to load GPU device firmware.


== Troubleshooting ==

Use of firmware/microcode used by the radeon DRM driver can be verified using the [[DebianMan:1/dmesg|dmesg]] command. For example:
 {{{
$ dmesg | grep -E 'drm|radeon' | grep -iE 'firmware|microcode'
[ 3.685235] [drm] Loading BARTS Microcode
[ 3.768988] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BARTS_pfp.bin into memory
[ 3.861487] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BARTS_me.bin into memory
[ 3.929626] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BTC_rlc.bin into memory
[ 4.442259] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BARTS_mc.bin into memory
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== Supported Cards == If files were unable to be loaded, ensure the DebianPkg:firmware-linux-nonfree package is installed (refer to [[#Installation|Installation]]).
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The radeon driver in [[DebianWheezy|Wheezy]] supports R1xx to Cayman (Radeon 7000 – Radeon HD 69xx) class chips. See [[http://www.x.org/wiki/radeon|the radeon page]] on the X wiki for more information. --------------------
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First try the free radeon driver by installing DebianPkg:xserver-xorg-video-ati which installs DebianPkg:xserver-xorg-video-radeon by dependency. <<Anchor(flickering)>>
If you are experiencing screen flickering / blinking in dual monitor mode with AMD/ATI video cards, this issue is cause by Flash player, the following steps might fix that issue.
  1. Using your browser view any webpage containing a flash video
  1. Right click on the video, select "Settings" option, uncheck "Enable hardware acceleration" option
  1. Close your browser, reopen it, right click on the video, select "Settings" option, check "Enable hardware acceleration" option
Thanks to [[http://www.overclock.net/t/1037034/how-to-fix-dual-monitor-screen-flicker-ati-amd-guide|krnb0iek]] for this solution
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== Installing proprietary firmware ==
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Proprietary, binary-only firmware was removed from the Debian kernel's radeon DRM driver in [[DebianPkg:src:linux-2.6|linux-2.6]] 2.6.29-1, to resolve Debian bug DebianBug:494009. It can now be installed via the DebianPkg:firmware-linux-nonfree package (autostart by kernel: dmesg |grep -i firmware) <<Anchor(configure)>>
<<Anchor(Editing /etc/X11/xorg.conf)>>
== Configuration ==
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Without this firmware installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the radeon driver is commonly experienced. Some cards may require this to run the X Window System. In most cases, manual configuration for the open source display drivers is '''not required''', as the Xorg X server automatically detects and configures available hardware.
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For Debian [[DebianSqueeze|Squeeze]] and later releases, you will need to install proprietary firmware if you have one of the following Radeon-based cards: ----
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 * Radeon R100 (7000 – 7500)
 * Radeon R200 (8500 — 9200, 9250)
 * Radeon R300 (9500 — 9800, X300 — X600, X1050)
 * Radeon R400 (X700 — X850)
 * Radeon R500 (X1300 — X1950)
 * Radeon R600 (HD 2400, HD 2600, HD 2900)
 * Radeon RS600
 * Radeon RS690
 * Radeon RS780
 * Radeon RV610
 * Radeon RV620
 * Radeon RV630
 * Radeon RV635
 * Radeon RV670
 * Radeon RV710
 * Radeon RV730
 * Radeon RV770
The following optional configuration can be used to increase 3D performance. See the [[DebianMan:5/xorg.conf|xorg.conf(5)]] and [[DebianMan:4/radeon|radeon(4)]] manual pages for more information.
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The firmware in question, id est the CP/PFP microcode, can be installed by first enabling the '''non-free''' repository for your Debian release and issuing the following command:

{{{
aptitude install firmware-linux-nonfree
}}}

== Editing /etc/X11/xorg.conf ==

('''''xorg.conf does not exist in Squeeze and Sid''''')
Essentially, you need to set your device's driver to "radeon" as such:

{{{
Section "Device"
    Identifier "Device0"
    Driver "radeon"
EndSection
}}}

The following options can improve 3d performance significantly.

{{{
 ~- {{{
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}}}

There are plenty of other options for the driver too. You can find out about them in radeon's man page:

{{{
man 4 radeon
}}}

== Enabling 3D acceleration ==

It is necessary to install driver libraries in order to utilize the card's 3D capabilities:
{{{
aptitude install libgl1-mesa-dri
}}}

These will automatically be installed as a dependency of the xserver-xorg-core package, so if you've installed that, you don't need to worry about this.

== Troubleshooting ==
=== Radeon Xpress 200M (R300) on laptop ===
During a long time, on laptops with Radeon Xpress 200M (R300) you may get some random colored stripes (especially after suspending display power). This is problably due to a bug into free driver. A solution may be to switch off, then switch on the backlight with ''radeontool'' (eponymic package).
{{{
#!/bin/sh
sudo radeontool light off
sleep 1
sudo radeontool light on
}}}
}}} -~
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== External Links ==

 * http://x.org/wiki/radeon

Translation(s): Français - Italiano - Русский


AMD/ATI Open Source Drivers (radeon, r128, mach64)

This page describes use of the open source display drivers for ATI/AMD graphics hardware on Debian systems. For information on the proprietary driver, see ATIProprietary.

Identification

The AMD/ATI graphics processing unit (GPU) series/codename of an installed video card can usually be identified using the lspci command. For example:

  • $ lspci -nn | grep VGA
    01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Barts PRO [Radeon HD 6850] [1002:6739]

See HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI for more information.

Drivers

Support for AMD (nee ATI) graphics hardware is provided by the xserver-xorg-video-ati driver wrapper package, which depends on three hardware-specific driver packages:

The ati wrapper driver autodetects whether your hardware has a Radeon, Rage 128, or Mach64 or earlier chip and load the radeon, r128, or mach64 xorg video driver as appropriate.

Supported Devices

The radeon driver in Debian 7 "Wheezy" supports R100 to Cayman (Radeon 7000 - Radeon HD 69xx) GPUs. See the radeon(4) manual page and the radeon page on the X wiki for more information.

Firmware

Proprietary, binary-only firmware (aka microcode) was removed from the Debian kernel's radeon DRM driver in linux-2.6 2.6.29-1, to resolve Debian bug 494009. The firmware can be provided by installing the firmware-linux-nonfree package.

Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the radeon driver is commonly experienced. Some GPUs may require firmware to operate the X Window System.

Installation

The following procedure will install the open source display driver packages, DRI modules (for 3D acceleration) and driver firmware/microcode:

  1. Add "contrib" and "non-free" components to /etc/apt/sources.list, for example:

    # Debian 7 "Wheezy"
    deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
  2. Update the list of available packages:

    # apt-get update
  3. Install the firmware-linux-nonfree, libgl1-mesa-dri and xserver-xorg-video-ati packages:

    # apt-get install firmware-linux-nonfree libgl1-mesa-dri xserver-xorg-video-ati
  4. Restart your system to load GPU device firmware.

Troubleshooting

Use of firmware/microcode used by the radeon DRM driver can be verified using the dmesg command. For example:

  • $ dmesg | grep -E 'drm|radeon' | grep -iE 'firmware|microcode'
    [    3.685235] [drm] Loading BARTS Microcode
    [    3.768988] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BARTS_pfp.bin into memory
    [    3.861487] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BARTS_me.bin into memory
    [    3.929626] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BTC_rlc.bin into memory
    [    4.442259] platform radeon_cp.0: firmware: agent loaded radeon/BARTS_mc.bin into memory

If files were unable to be loaded, ensure the firmware-linux-nonfree package is installed (refer to Installation).


If you are experiencing screen flickering / blinking in dual monitor mode with AMD/ATI video cards, this issue is cause by Flash player, the following steps might fix that issue.

  1. Using your browser view any webpage containing a flash video
  2. Right click on the video, select "Settings" option, uncheck "Enable hardware acceleration" option
  3. Close your browser, reopen it, right click on the video, select "Settings" option, check "Enable hardware acceleration" option

Thanks to krnb0iek for this solution

Configuration

In most cases, manual configuration for the open source display drivers is not required, as the Xorg X server automatically detects and configures available hardware.


The following optional configuration can be used to increase 3D performance. See the xorg.conf(5) and radeon(4) manual pages for more information.

  • Section "Device"
     Driver "radeon"
     ...
     Option "AccelMethod" "XAA"
     # XAA/EXA
     Option "AccelDFS"    "1"
     # 1/0 On for PCIE, off for AGP
     # Manpage: Use  or  don't  use accelerated EXA DownloadFromScreen hook
     # when possible.
     Option "AGPMode" "1"
     # 1-8 Does not affect PCIE models.
     Option "AGPFastWrite" "1"
     # 1/0 Does not affect PCIE models. Not recommended.
     Option "GARTSize" "64"
     # 0-64 Megabytes of gart (system) memory used.
     # Wrongly defaults to 8MB sometimes, see your logfile.
     # Bigger seems better.
     Option "EnablePageFlip" "1"
     # 1/0 Increases 3D performance substantially
     # seemingly in XAA mode only
     Option "ColorTiling" "1"
     # 1/0 Increases 3D performance substantially
     # affected stability only positively on my system
    EndSection

See Also