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Comment: Document how to disable AppArmor
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Comment: define LSM
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Enable the !AppArmor LSM: Enable the !AppArmor Linux Security Modules (LSM):

Translation(s): none


A Debian 7 "Wheezy" or newer GNU/Linux system is required.

Install software

Install AppArmor userspace tools:

$ sudo apt install apparmor apparmor-utils

(If you intend to use automatic profile generation tools, also install auditd.)

Enable AppArmor

Enable the AppArmor Linux Security Modules (LSM):

$ sudo mkdir -p /etc/default/grub.d
$ echo 'GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="$GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT apparmor=1 security=apparmor"' \
  | sudo tee /etc/default/grub.d/apparmor.cfg
$ sudo update-grub
$ sudo reboot

In the future, this should be automated, see 702030

Inspect the current state

$ sudo aa-status

will list all loaded AppArmor profiles for applications and processes and detail their status (enforced, complain, unconfined).

$ ps auxZ | grep -v '^unconfined'

will list running executables which are currently confined by an AppArmor profile.

Enable / install more profiles

Find more profiles:

AppArmor profiles live in /etc/apparmor.d/. One can use apparmor_parser(8) to insert them into the kernel. This is done automatically when installing packages that drop policy in /etc/apparmor.d/.

For example, to set all "extra" profiles (provided in the apparmor-profiles package) to complain mode (except deny rules that are silently enforced, security policy is not enforced and access violations are logged), do the following:

cd /usr/share/doc/apparmor-profiles/extras
cp -i *.* /etc/apparmor.d/

for f in *.* ; do aa-complain /etc/apparmor.d/$f; done

To set these profiles to enforce mode, use aa-enforce instead of aa-complain. Beware though: many of these profiles are not up-to-date and will break functionality in enforce mode (and possibly even in complain mode); only enforce them if you're ready to improve them upstream.


AppArmor audit logs can be found in the systemd Journal or in /var/log/syslog.

For more detailed instructions, please read the dedicated documentation for debugging AppArmor.

Report a bug

If you think that you've found a bug in AppArmor or a software in Debian which ships its own profile, you might want to report a bug.

Learn more

Learn more or start contributing.

Disable AppArmor

First, you can disable individual profiles with aa-disable.

But if you want to entirely disable AppArmor on your system, run:

$ sudo mkdir -p /etc/default/grub.d
  | sudo tee /etc/default/grub.d/apparmor.cfg
$ sudo update-grub
$ sudo reboot