Differences between revisions 42 and 43
Revision 42 as of 2018-01-18 13:41:16
Size: 2913
Editor: ?IntRigeri
Comment: Don't recommend installing apparmor-profiles: deny rules are effective even in complain mode
Revision 43 as of 2018-01-18 13:42:32
Size: 2913
Editor: ?IntRigeri
Comment: Suggest better source of profiles first.
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 50: Line 50:
 * in the DebianPkg:apparmor-profiles-extra package (available in Jessie and newer);
Line 51: Line 52:
 * in the DebianPkg:apparmor-profiles-extra package (available in Jessie and newer);

Translation(s): none


A Debian 7 "Wheezy" or newer GNU/Linux system is required.

Install software

Install AppArmor userspace tools:

$ sudo apt install apparmor apparmor-utils

(If you intend to use automatic profile generation tools, also install auditd.)

Enable AppArmor

Enable the AppArmor LSM:

$ sudo mkdir /etc/default/grub.d
$ echo 'GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="$GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT apparmor=1 security=apparmor"' \
  | sudo tee /etc/default/grub.d/apparmor.cfg
$ sudo update-grub
$ sudo reboot

In the future, this should be automated, see 702030

Inspect the current state

$ sudo aa-status

will list all loaded AppArmor profiles for applications and processes and detail their status (enforced, complain, unconfined).

$ ps auxZ | grep -v '^unconfined'

will list running executables which are currently confined by an AppArmor profile.

Enable / install more profiles

Find more profiles:

AppArmor profiles live in /etc/apparmor.d/. One can use apparmor_parser(8) to insert them into the kernel. This is done automatically when installing the apparmor-profiles or the apparmor-profiles-extra package.

For example, to set all "extra" profiles (provided in the apparmor-profiles package) to complain mode (security policy is not enforced, but corresponding access violations are logged), do the following:

cd /usr/share/doc/apparmor-profiles/extras
cp -i *.* /etc/apparmor.d/

for f in *.* ; do aa-complain /etc/apparmor.d/$f; done

To set these profiles to enforce mode, use aa-enforce instead of aa-complain. Beware though: many of these profiles are not up-to-date and will break functionality in enforce mode; only enforce them if you're ready to improve them upstream.


AppArmor audit logs can be found in the systemd Journal or in /var/log/syslog.

For more detailed instructions, please read the dedicated documentation for debugging AppArmor.

Report a bug

If you think that you've found a bug in AppArmor or a software in Debian which ships its own profile, you might want to report a bug.

Learn more

Learn more or start contributing.