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Xfce is a lightweight desktop environment for Unix-like operating systems. It aims to be fast and lightweight, while still being visually appealing and easy to use.
Xfce is based on GTK+ version 2 (like Gnome 2). One of Xfce's priorities is adherence to standards, specifically those defined at freedesktop.org. This allows Xfce to seamlessly interoperate with programs written for other desktop environments, if those programs follow the specified standards.
Xfce consists of a number of components that together provide the full functionality of a desktop environment. They are packaged separately and you can pick and choose from the available packages to create the best personal working environment.
Xfce in Debian
Debian Squeeze contains Xfce 4.6.
Debian Wheezy contains Xfce 4.8.
Debian Sid contains Xfce 4.8.
Debian Experimental contains Xfce 4.10.
How to install Xfce
Install a fresh system with Xfce
If you install a new system, the installation guide explains a way to install Xfce directly:
At the Debian Installer boot prompt, press the tab key to edit the command line, then add
- Alternatively, go to "Advanced options" then "Alternate desktop environments", and choose Xfce there.
- When prompted to select the task to install, make sure you click "Desktop Environment"
For a complete rundown refer to the Debian Desktop Howto.
Install Xfce in an already installed system
Optional: If you want to uninstall GNOME and its dependencies first, do:
aptitude purge `dpkg --get-selections | grep gnome | cut -f 1` aptitude -f install aptitude purge `dpkg --get-selections | grep deinstall | cut -f 1` aptitude -f install
To install Xfce, do the following:
apt-get install xfce4
This will install a metapackage, which will install the core Xfce modules and scripts to get it to work.
There are many useful utilities that come with Xfce, to install these:
apt-get install xfce4-goodies
For GDM, KDM and LightDM choose xfce4-session.
For startx add in file ~/.xinitrc:
exec ck-launch-session startxfce4
For slim boot session in /etc/slim.conf:
login_cmd exec ck-launch-session /bin/bash -login /etc/X11/Xsession %session
You also can install xdm to login in start Xfce.
Other packages that can be found with:
apt-cache search xfce4
http://www.xfce.org - The Xfce website
http://pkg-xfce.alioth.debian.org - The Debian Xfce packaging website